- Bundala National Park -

Bundala National Park- Ramsar Wetland  an area of 6216 ha, located 246 km South East of Colombo is Sri Lanka's only Ramsar Wetland, honored internationally for its significant role since it hosts over 20,000 shorebirds, at any given time over the period of August to April.


This unique area of picturesque lagoons and inter-tidal mud flats where the wintering birds rest and feed, golden beaches and sand dunes frequented by nesting sea turtles and the thorny scrub jungle where elephant, deer and wild buffalo roam is also a paradise for 149species of resident and migratory birds.



  • The climate of the National Park is usually hot dry.



  • Annual temperature is 27 C although in the dry season a daily maximum of 37 C.


Rain fall

  • The area receives its annual rainfall during the north east monsoon from November to January, and unpredictable inter-monsoonal rains in March, April and September.
  • Annual Rainfall  900mm to 1300mm


  • February is a dry month with the dry season proper commencing in June and lasting until September and some times until mid October.


Altitude:  0-10m


Best time of year to visit: October to April



The Bundala NP contains  Thorn forest, lagoons & sand dunes,beach, freshwater lakes and scrub land.


There are very few numbers of Elephants, good numbers of crocodiles, water buffalo's, wild boars, spotted deer and gray langurs amongst other animals.

Birds are in abundance and include stork, Indian peafowl and Sri Lanka jungle fowl.




Highlights: Over 15,000 migratory shore birds during the Northern hemisphere winter.


Nearest  Town- Tissamaharama & Hambantota


Hospital- Debarawewa Government Hospital


Banks- Bank of Ceylon, Peoples Bank, Sampath Bank, Seylan Bank


Fuel Stations- Hambantota, Weeravila, Tissamaharama, Debarawewa, Yodakandiya.


Accommodation-  Weerawila, Tissamaharama, Bandagiriya

Bundala National Park - Ramsar Wetland


The Bundala National Park, covering an area of 6216 ha, is located about 250 Km Southeast of Colombo, in the Hambantota District.


Recognizing the importance of Bundala as an important habitat for wildlife, it was declared a Sanctuary under the Fauna and Flora Protection Ordinance in 1969, and later upgraded to a National Park in 1992.


The shallow brackish water lagoons located within the park - Koholankala (390 ha), Malala (650 ha), Embilikala (430 ha) and Bundala (520 ha) form a complex wetland system that harbours a rich bird life, including several species of migratory waterfowl.


This led to the declaration of Bundala as Sri Lanka's first Ramsar wetland - a wetland of international importance especially for migratory waterfowl, in 1990.


There has been growing evidence that this protected area is deteriorating due to several anthropogenic factors. The Ramsar Convention, also requires contracting parties to assess the status of Ramsar wetlands at regular intervals.


Therefore, in order to contribute towards the conservation and management of the Bundala National Park and Ramsar Wetland, IUCN - Sri Lanka undertook a biodiversity assessment during the first half of the year 2001.


The survey enabled to document the current status of biodiversity and the threats faced by this globally significant wetland.


Please submit your findings and threats facing Bundala NP and Ramsar Wetlands.

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